Daniel Southworth

Our Research

We use cryo-electron microscopy to determine the structure of dynamic protein complexes central to cellular signaling and homeostasis. This structural focus is coupled to key biochemical methods in order to directly attribute biological mechanisms to the protein: protein interactions and conformational changes we identify at the single molecule level. Specifically, we are focused on understanding how molecular chaperones and co-regulatory proteins function at the interface of protein folding, activation and degradation pathways.

Cryo-EM Lab: www.lsi.umich.edu/cryo-em

About Daniel Southworth

Specialties:
  • Cryo-EM
  • Molecular Chaperones
  • Macromolecules

Dan Southworth studies the structure and function of molecular chaperone assemblies central to the protein triage process, the molecular ‘decision’ to degrade or activate substrates. He uses cryo-electron microscopy and in vitro biochemical methods.

Research highlight

Using electron microscopy, Dan Southworth's lab captured dynamic conformational states and determined a 3D molecular model of the nitric oxide synthase complex. This enzyme is critical in generating nitric oxide for neuronal signaling, blood pressure regulation and immune defense. The research was awarded the cover image and 'Paper of the Week in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, June 13, 2014.

Recent publications

Cunningham, C.N., Southworth, DR, Krukenberg, K.A., Agard, D.A. (2012). The conserved arginine 380 of Hsp90 is not a catalytic residue, but stabilizes the closed conformation required for ATP hydrolysis Protein Science, 21 (8), pp. 1162-1171.

Southworth DR and Agard DA. (2011). Client-loading conformation revealed in the cryo-EM structure of the human Hsp90:Hop molecular chaperone complex. Molecular Cell, 2011 Jun 24;42(6): 771-81.